End the lockdown? Why restrictions are being lifted too fast for some and not fast enough for others

Respondents believe the restrictions will have a much more serious impact on society at large than on their personal circumstances

Summary

Trust matters more than self-interest: Our survey conducted among roughly 4,800 participants in April and May 2020 shows that the discussion about easing restrictions is not so much about the varying degrees to which individuals are affected, but rather about the degree of trust in public institutions in general.

Winning support for Corona rules

The measures to control the coronavirus have led to widespread restrictions for different parts of society. Main political actors have made appeals for solidarity to win support for the corona restrictions. In Germany, numerous financial compensation measures have been issued, such as the so-called “child bonus”.

However, the present study raises doubt on whether such instruments increase support for restrictive measures. After all, feeling threatened by the restrictions either economically or regarding one´s family hardly has any influence on the (dis-)approval of rules that aim at containing the spread of the virus.

Main findings

  • Respondents believe the restrictions will have a much more serious impact on society at large than on their personal circumstances. Due to containment measures, only 10 percent feel threatened personally in the area of family life, only 15 percent perceive a personal economic threat (job loss or financial hardship), and about 23 percent fear an infringement on their own basic rights.
  • The corresponding values for perceived sociotropic threats are much higher: 51 percent (family), 56 percent (economy), and 32 percent (basic rights), respectively.

Authors

Prof. Dr. Claudia Diehl

University of Konstanz
Prof. Dr. Claudia Diehl is professor of micro-sociology at the University of Konstanz and co-spokesperson of the Cluster of Excellence "The Politics of Inequality".
Dr. Felix Wolter ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter der Arbeitsgruppe für Mikrosoziologie von Claudia Diehl und Mitglied des Exzellenzclusters „The Politics of Inequality“. Seine Forschungsinteressen liegen im Bereich der Quantitativen Methoden empirischer Sozialforschung, der sozialen Ungleichheit sowie der Sozialstruktur und Arbeitsmarktsoziologie.

This policy paper was published by the Cluster of Excellence “The Politics of Inequality” of the University of Konstanz in cooperation with Das Progressive Zentrum.

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